Assalam Walaikum Wa Rehmat Ullahi Wa Bara Katu Hu. This topic has been created for the purpose those who try to prove from Quran saying “Ya Muhammad or Ya RasulAllah” when you read Quran isn’t you say Ya before him. So i have created for it’s refutation.
However, they failed to realize, Allah can call to anyone to whom he wills, he can make the blind to see, to make the deaf to hear and similarly to make the Dead to hear.
“Surely Allah makes whom He pleases hear, and you cannot make those hear who are in the graves.”(Surah Fatir 35:22)
And Allah clearly elucidated here:
“If ye invoke them, they will not listen to your call, and if they were to listen, they cannot answer your (prayer).”(Surah Fatir 35:14)
Allah (swt) not only call to Anbiyas but to other beings too such as:
“O earth! swallow up thy water”(Surah Hudd 11:44)
“O Mary! worship Thy Lord devoutly”(Surah Al-Imran 3:43)
“O wives of the prophet”(Surah Ahzab 33:30)
Even Allah swt called to the whole Mankind :
“O mankind!”(Surah Fatir 35:5)
“O People of the Book!”(Surah Al-Imran 3:64)
“O ye Unbelievers” (Surah Tehreem 66:7)
Allah also says to Iblis :
“(Allah) said: “O Iblis!”(Surah Sadd 38:75)
So will you start calling all the Mankind, or will start reciting tasbeeh of “Ya Iblis” “Ya Iblis”. Even this is not a new thing, even there is a sect found in Damshiq of Shias with the name “Yazeedi” who worships the Satan. Imam Ibn-e-Al Jowzi (rah) in “Tabliss Iblis Page 20” has discussed about the Qadariyah who says “Good is from Allah and Evil is from Satan”.
Even it is mentioned in the Quran
“They call but upon satan the persistent rebel! “Surah Nisa 4:117
Allah has power over all things, he can make hear to whom he wills? Do you people also contains power over all things like Allah swt ?. MazAllah by saying “Ya RasulAllah” do you give command to him?. So this Qiyas is wrong because it contains the Tauhin of Anbiyas.
Allah says in Surah Ghafir 40:60 “Invoke me and i will answer your prayers”
You people call him in need, MazAllah does Allah also calls him for this?. Now can you Say by saying “Ya RasulAllah” Allah also does Istaghasa?. So Similarly doing your own Qiyas from Almighty is wrong. Similary doing Qiyas of own from Allah is Batil (Falsehood). So this Istedadlal is batil from 2 ways, 1st is that the calling of yours or Allah is not same. And Allah doesn’t call them in need.
There is nothing overpowered unto him, he can see to everyone and hears. He can call to whomsoever he wants but we can’t call Ghaibana to them neither we have the power to make them hear. And this is not their own power that they listen or answer but this is the power of Allah through which they listen or answer.
It is reported from Ibn-e-Abbas (r.a) when Ibrahim (a.s) freed from construction of Baitullah, so it was said to him announce the pilgrimage to mankind and call them to perform pilgrimage to this House which We have commanded you to build.’ It was said that Ibrahim said: “O Lord, how can I convey this to people when my voice will not reach them” It was said: “Call them and We will convey it.” So Ibrahim stood up and said, “O mankind! Your Lord has established a House so come on pilgrimage to it.” It is said that the mountains lowered themselves so that his voice would reach all the regions of the earth, and those who were still in their mothers’ wombs and their fathers’ loins would hear the call. The response came from everyone in the cities, deserts and countryside, and those whom Allah has decreed will make the pilgrimage, until the Day of Resurrection: “At Your service, O Allah, at Your service.” This is a summary of the narrations from Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Sa`id bin Jubayr and others among the Salaf. And Allah knows best. This was recorded by Ibn Jarir and by Ibn Abi Hatim at length.[ Tafsir Ibn-e-Jarir 7/144, Mustadrak Al-Hakim 2/388 Al-Hakim said to it Sahih Al-Isnaad, It is also mentioned in Tafsir Ibn-e-Kathir ]
Tafsir Ibn-e-Kathir :
It is proven from this hadith no body convey his voice so far, neither can hear it itself. To convey the voice of Ibrahim (A.S) was promised by Allah swt and he has power over all things, But to take anyone’s voice or Isteghasa Allah hasn’t promised however he denied of listening. So this Istedlal is wrong.
This has been taken from the Book of Badi-ud-Deen Shah (rah).