This topic has been created for the purpose of the status of Mother of the Believers Aisha radiallahanha in Islam.
a) Aisha said, “While the Ethiopians were playing with their small spears, Allah’s Apostle screened me behind him and I watched (that display) and kept on watching till I left on my own.” [Book #62, Hadith #118]
b) Abu Musa al-Ash’ari says about her:
ما أشكل علينا أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم حديث قط فسألنا عائشة إلا وجدنا عندها منه علما.
.”Whenever we (the Companions) of Prophet peace be upon him had any difficulty on hadeeth, of which we approached Aisha and (always) found that she had the knowledge of the hadith “. [SunanTirmidhi hadith no: 3883]
c) It is mentioned in Sunan Darami
.حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا عُقْبَةُ بْنُ خَالِدٍ، عَنِ الْاَعْمَشِ، عَنْ مُسْلِمٍ، قَالَ سَاَلْنَا مَسْرُوقًا كَانَتْ عَائِشَةُ تُحْسِنُ الْفَرَائِضَ قَالَ وَالَّذِي لَا اِلَهَ غَيْرُهُ لَقَدْ رَاَيْتُ الْاَكَابِرَ مِنَ اصْحَابِ مُحَمَّدٍ يَسْاَلُونَهَا عَنِ الْفَرَائِضِ
It is narrated from Masrooq Radi Allahu `anhu that he was asked if `Aaishah (Radi Allahu `anha) knew the science of division of the shares of inheritance, he said, “By Allah! I have seen senior Sahabah ask her questions of fariad”
[Imam Hakim in his Mustadrak 4/11, Musannif Ibne abi shaiba Kitab al Faraid, Imam Darami in his Sunan Kitab al Faraiz Chapter Taleem al faraiz no:2901 Dar ul Mugni Muhaqqiq of Sunan Darami said “Chain is Authentic)” Amash mentioned his hearing from Muslim in Tareekh Abi Zur`a Damishqi 1/63]
one of the proof for above quote is this
d) Muawiya ra used to take advise from Aisha ra and she used to quote ahadith of Prophet peace be upon him
“Mu’awiyah wrote a letter to ‘Aishah, that: ‘Write a letter to advise me , and do not overburden me.'” He said: “So ‘Aishah [may Allah be pleased with her]wrote to Mu’awiyah: ‘Peace be upon you. As for what follows: Indeed I heard the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) saying: Whoever seeks Allah’s pleasure by the people’s wrath, Allah will suffice him from the people. And who ever seeks the people’s pleasure by Allah’s wrath, Allah will entrust him to the people. And Peace be upon you.'”[Sunan Tirmidhee no: 2414]
e) Reported by Zakwaan
“When Aaishah was near her death, Ibn Abbaas asked permission to visit her, and then he said to her:Among the wives of the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم , he loved you the most, and he did not love except which is good …… Allah Ta’laa has sent proof of your innocence through jibreal from above the seven heavens.”……(Aisha r.a replied)دعني منك يا إبن عباس والذي نفسي بيده لوددت أني كنت نسياً منسياً.O Ibn-e-Abbas (r.a) please leave it, I take oath of Allah in whose hand is my life, I wanted that I would have been an unknown.[(Musnad Ahmad bin Humble, Musnad Banu Hashim, Musnad Abdullah bin Abbas bin Abdul Mutlib)( Fadail e Sahaba of Imam Ahmad 2/872 no:1636)]
f) … Aisha narrated that she made a will to ‘Abdullah bin Zubair, “Do not bury me with them (the Prophet and his two companions) but bury me with my companions (wives of the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ) in Al-Baqi as I would not like to be looked upon as better than I really am (by being buried near the Prophet).”[Bukhari Volume 2, Book 23, Number 474]
g) Narrated Abu Uthman:
Allah’s Apostle sent ‘Amr bin Al As as the commander of the troops of Dhat-us-Salasil. ‘Amr bin Al-‘As said, “(On my return) I came to the Prophet and said, ‘Which people do you love most?’ He replied, ‘Aisha.’ I said, ‘From amongst the men?’ He replied, ‘her father (Abu Bakr)’. I said, ‘Whom (do you love) next?’ He replied, “Umar.’ Then he counted the names of many men, and I became silent for fear that he might regard me as the last of them.” [Bukhari Book #59, Hadith #644]
H) Hafiz IbnQayyam quoted so many Virtues of Aisha ra few of Them are
Also among her unique characteristics is: that Allaah declared her innocence of that of which the people of the slander (ahl al-ifk) accused her, and revealed words concerning her innocence that are recited in the mosques of the Muslims and during their prayers until the Day of Resurrection. Allaah Himself bore witness that she is one of the good women, and promised her forgiveness and a goodly provision. He, may He be glorified, stated that what was said about her in the slander was ultimately good for her, in the end it was not bad for her and did not do any harm to her status, because through this Allaah raised her status and her innocence is mentioned among the people of heaven and earth, which is an incomparably good thing.
Also among her unique characteristics is: that the greatest Sahaabah, when they were confused about some matter of religion, would consult her and would find the knowledge they were seeking with her.
Also among her unique characteristics is: that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) died in her house, on her day, in her arms, and he was buried in her house.[Jalaa’ al-Afhaam, pp. 237-241]
I) She Narrated 2210 Ahadeeth [Seyar Ailam al Nubala by Imam Ad Dahabee 2/139]