There are several attributes and Names of Prophet peace be upon him in Qur’an and Sunnah. I just tried to quote references from Qur’an and Sunnah where the names of Holy Prophet peace be upon him are mentioned. sh Muhammad Ayyub Keelani said in his book Asma al Husna page 14
There are many names of Prophet peace be upon him in Quran and sunnah. How much are they? We have to do research on this. There is no clear Quranic verse or hadith which talks about his exact number of names. Some of the people of knowledge tried to compile his names from the Book and the Sunnah. Shams ud din Sakahawi (d 902h) made whole chapter on his names in his Book “Al Qawl al Badee fe Salaah al-al Habib ash-Shafee” and wrote the opinion of some scholars that the names of Prophets are ninety nine like Allah subhana wa tala… Sakhawi himself wrote 450 names of Prophet peace be upon him in his book but he also cleared that there are many names among the names of prophet peace be upon him which are attributes of Prophet and not the exact names. The scholars made his name from his attribute.(end)
I will try to mention 99 names which are mentioned in the same book
1. Muhammad (Highly Praised)
Quran[3:144] Muhammad is not but a messenger. [Other] messengers have passed on before him. So if he was to die or be killed, would you turn back on your heels [to unbelief]? And he who turns back on his heels will never harm Allah at all; but Allah will reward the grateful. [33:40] Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets. And ever is Allah , of all things, Knowing. [47:2] And those who believe and do righteous deeds and believe in what has been sent down upon Muhammad – and it is the truth from their Lord – He will remove from them their misdeeds and amend their condition. [48:29] Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah ; and those with him are forceful against the disbelievers, merciful among themselves. ….
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Doesn’t it astonish you how Allah protects me from the Quraish’s abusing and cursing? They abuse Mudhammam and curse Mudhammam while I am Muhammad (and not Mudhammam)” (Bukhari Book #56, Hadith #733)
Hassan bin Thabit Ra said in his poetry
وَشَقَّ لَهُ مِنَ اسْمِهِ لِيُجِلَّهُ فَذُو الْعَرْشِ مَحْمُودٌ وَهَذَا مُحَمَّدُ
and He (Allah) chooses the name of him(peace be upon him) from his own name
see Rabb of the throne is Mahmoud and he is Muhammad (peace be upon him)[Tafsir Baghwi, Surah ash-Shrh verse 4] source: http://www.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?idfrom=2127&idto=2130&bk_no=51&ID=2200
2. Ahmad (Most Deserving of Praise)
Narrated Jubair bin Mutim: I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, ‘I have several names: I am Muhammad and I am ahmad,… (Bukhari Book #60, Hadith #419)
Hassan bin Thabit ra said
صلى الإله ومن يحف بعرشه والطيبون على المبارك أحمد
Allah,Angels around his throne and all the pure people send blessings on Blessed Ahmad (peace be upon him)[Tafsir Abu Hiyan AL Bihar al Muheet under surah al Saf, Seerah Ibn Hisham] Source: http://www.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?bk_no=58&ID=826&idfrom=1656&idto=1666&bookid=58&startno=9
3. Hamid (derived from Hamd, the one who glorifies Allah)
Verily, the Muslims: men and women, the believers: men and women, the Qanit: men and the women, the men and women who are truthful, the men and the women who are patient, the Khashi’: men and the women, the men and the women who give Sadaqat, the men and the women who fast, the men and the women who guard their chastity and the men and the women who remember Allah much with their hearts and tongues, Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward.[33:35]
All these qualities were in Hamid (Peace be upon him), He praised Allah the most
Prophet peace be upon him said
14061 وعن جابر بن عبد الله قال : قال رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – : ” أنا أحمد وأنا محمد وأنا الحاشر الذي أحشر الناس على قدمي ، وأنا الماحي الذي يمحو الله به الكفر ، فإذا كان يوم القيامة كان لواء الحمد معي وكنت إمام المرسلين وصاحب شفاعتهم ” . رواه الطبراني في الكبير والأوسط ، وفيه عروة بن مروان قيل فيه : ليس بالقوي ، وبقية رجاله وثقوا .
I am the Most Deserving of Praise (ahmad). I am The Praised One (muhammad). And I am the Gatherer (al- hashir) at whose feet the people shall be gathered. And I am the Eraser (al-mahi) by whom Allah erases disbelief. On the Day of Resurrection the Flag of Glorification will be with me and I shall be the leader of all the Messengers and the custodian of their intercession.
“Its chain contains ‘Urwa ibn Marwan who was said not to be strong, while the remainder of its narrators have been declared trustworthy.”[Majma’ al-zawa’id (8:248 no: 14061] The asal of this hadeeth is in Bukhari and Muslim with slightly different words.
Prophet peace be upon him glorified Allah the most and ordered to do dhikr of Allah that is why his name is Hamid (peace be upon him)
4. Al Qasim (distributor)
Narrated Humaid: I heard Muawiya bin Abi Sufyan delivering a sermon. He said, “I heard the Prophet saying, “If Allah wants to do a favor to somebody, He bestows on him, the gift of understanding the Quran and Sunna. I am but a Qasim (distributor), and Allah is the Giver. The state of this nation will remain good till the Hour is established, or till Allah’s Order comes.” (Bukhari Book #92, Hadith #415)
5. Abdullah (Servant of Allah)
And if you are in doubt about what We have sent down upon Our Servant [Muhammad], then produce a surah the like thereof and call upon your witnesses other than Allah , if you should be truthful.[2:23]
And he revealed to His Servant what he revealed.[53:10]
Blessed is He who sent down the Criterion upon His Servant that he may be to the worlds a warner –[25:1]
Narrated ‘Ubada: The Prophet said, “If anyone testifies that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah Alone Who has no partners, and that Muhammad is His Slave and His Apostle, and that jesus is Allah’s Slave and His Apostle and His Word which He bestowed on Mary and a Spirit created by Him, and that Paradise is true, and Hell is true, Allah will admit him into Paradise with the deeds which he had done even if those deeds were few.” (Junada, the sub-narrator said, ” ‘Ubada added, ‘Such a person can enter Paradise through any of its eight gates he likes.”) (Bukhari Book #55, Hadith #644)
Hussain bin Ali ra said that the Prophet peace be upon him said
14228 – وعن الحسين بن علي قال : أحبونا بحب الإسلام ; فإن رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – قال : ” لا ترفعوني فوق حقي ; فإن الله تعالى اتخذني عبدا قبل أن يتخذني رسولا ” .
رواه الطبراني ، وإسناده حسن .
….Indeed Allah made me his slave before making me his Prophet
Narrated by at-Tabrani and The chain is Hasan [Majma az-Zawaid hadeeth no: 14228] Source: http://www.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=87&ID=14370
6. al-Mustafa (The chosen one)
Allah chooses( يَصْطَفِى) Messengers from angels and from men. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer.) (76. He knows what is before them, and what is behind them. And to Allah return all matters.[22:75]
He (peace be upon him) truthfully described himself:
“From among the sons of Adam, Allah chose Quraysh; from among Quraysh, He chose Kinanah; from among Kinanah He chose Bani Hashim; and from Bani Hashim He chose (اصطفاننى) me” (Muslim Book#007, Hadith #3014, Bukhari Book #030, Hadith #5653).
Prophet peace be upon him was Chosen to be a Prophet that is why He was al-Mustafa (Peace be upon him)
7. Al Nabi (Prophet)
Allah calls his Prophet with the name (O Prophet) thirteen times in the Qur’an
Qur’an[008:064] O Prophet, ALLAH is Sufficient for thee and those who follow thee of the believers.
[008:065] O Prophet, urge the believers to fight. If there be of you twenty who are steadfast, they shall overcome two hundred; And if there be a hundred of you, they shall overcome a thousand of those who disbelieve, because they are a people do not understand.
[008:070] O Prophet, say to the captives who are in your hands, ‘If ALLAH knows any good in your hearts, HE will give you better than that which has been taken from you as ransom and will forgive you. And ALLAH is Most Forgiving, Merciful.’ [009:073] O Prophet ! strive hard against the disbelievers and the Hypocrites. And be firm against them. Their abode is Hell, and evil destination it is. [033:001] O Prophet! Fear God, and hearken not to the Unbelievers and the Hypocrites: verily God is full of Knowledge and Wisdom. [033:028] O Prophet! Say to thy Consorts: “If it be that ye desire the life of this World, and its glitter,- then come! I will provide for your enjoyment and set you free in a handsome manner. [33:45] O Prophet, indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner [33:50] O Prophet, indeed We have made lawful to you your wives to whom you have given their due compensation and those your right hand possesses from what Allah has returned to you [of captives] and the daughters of your paternal uncles and the daughters of your paternal aunts and the daughters of your maternal uncles and the daughters of your maternal aunts who emigrated with you and a believing woman if she gives herself to the Prophet [and] if the Prophet wishes to marry her, [this is] only for you, excluding the [other] believers. We certainly know what We have made obligatory upon them concerning their wives and those their right hands possess, [but this is for you] in order that there will be upon you no discomfort. And ever is Allah Forgiving and Merciful [33:59] O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e. screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [060:012] O Prophet! When believing women come to thee to take the oath of fealty to thee, that they will not associate in worship any other thing whatever with God, that they will not steal, that they will not commit adultery (or fornication), that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood, and that they will not disobey thee in any just matter,- then do thou receive their fealty, and pray to God for the forgiveness (of their sins): for God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [065:001] O Prophet! When ye do divorce women, divorce them at their prescribed periods, and count (accurately), their prescribed periods: And fear God your Lord: and turn them not out of their houses, nor shall they (themselves) leave, except in case they are guilty of some open lewdness, those are limits set by God: and any who transgresses the limits of God, does verily wrong his (own) soul: thou knowest not if perchance God will bring about thereafter some new situation. [066:001] O Prophet! Why holdest thou to be forbidden that which God has made lawful to thee? Thou seekest to please thy consorts. But God is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. [66:9] O Prophet, strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites and be harsh upon them. And their refuge is Hell, and wretched is the destination
Narrated Abu Ishaq: Al-Bara’ was asked while I was listening, “Did you flee (before the enemy) along with the Prophet on the day of (the battle of) Hunain?” He replied, “As for the Prophet, he did not (flee). The enemy were good archers and the Prophet was saying, “I am the Prophet undoubtedly; I am the son of ‘Abdulmuttalib.” (Bukhari Book #59, Hadith #606)
Prophet peace be upon him said
……..I am the Seal of the Prophets after whom (me) there will be no prophet……. (ABU DAWOOD, Book 30, Number 4239)
8) ar-Rasool (The Messenger)
Quran mentioned the prayer of Ibraheem peace be upon him in these words
Our Lord, and send among them a messenger from themselves who will recite to them Your verses and teach them the Book and wisdom and purify them. Indeed, You are the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”[2:129]
Say, [O Muhammad], “O mankind, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you all, [from Him] to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. There is no deity except Him; He gives life and causes death.” So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the unlettered prophet, who believes in Allah and His words, and follow him that you may be guided.[7:158]
Muhammad is not but a messenger. [Other] messengers have passed on before him. So if he was to die or be killed, would you turn back on your heels [to unbelief]? And he who turns back on his heels will never harm Allah at all; but Allah will reward the grateful. [3:144]
9. Nabi al Rahma (The Prophet of Mercy)
And We have sent you (O Muhammad SAW) not but as a mercy for the Alameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
﴾ Muslim reports in his Sahih: ..Abu Hurayrah said that it was said, “O Messenger of Allah, pray against the idolators.” He said: (I was not sent as a curse, rather I was sent as a mercy.) This was recorded by Muslim. Imam Ahmad recorded that ‘Amr bin Abi Qurrah Al-Kindi said: “Hudhayfah was in Al-Mada’in and he was mentioning things that the Messenger of Allah had said. Hudhayfah came to Salman and Salman said: ‘O Hudhayfah, the Messenger of Allah ﴿would sometimes be angry and would speak accordingly, and would sometimes be pleased and would speak accordingly. I know that the Messenger of Allah ﴾ addressed us and said: (Any man of my Ummah whom I have insulted or cursed when I was angry — for I am a man from among the sons of Adam, and I get angry just as you do. But Allah has sent me as a Mercy to the Worlds, so I will make that my anger﴾ into blessings for him on the Day of Resurrection.”) This was also recorded by Abu Dawud from Ahmad bin Yunus from Za’idah.(Tafsir Ibn Katheer under 21: 107)
Abu Musa Ash’ari reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) mentioned many names of his and said: I am Muhammad, ahmad. Muqaffi (the last in succession), Hashir, the Prophet of repentance, and the Prophet of Mercy. (nabi al-rahma) (Muslim Book #030, Hadith #5813)
10. ad-Daee il Allah (calling towards Allah)
This holy name is in the special names of Prophet peace be upon him Allah mentioned his special attribute in the Qur’an with these words[033:046] And as one who invites to Allah (Islamic Monotheism, i.e. to worship none but Allah (Alone)) by His Leave, and as a lamp spreading light (through your instructions from the Quran and the Sunnah the legal ways of the Prophet SAW ).