Muslims VS Hulaku/Hulagu Khan the ruthless Mongol king and Battle of Ain Jalut

The Great Victory for Muslims against Hauaku or Hulagu Khan (grandson of Genghis Khan) at Ain Jalut and took back the lands the blood thirsty Mongol captured including Halab.
 

When Hulaku Khan killed approx one to two crore Muslims.

Ibn Kathir said Rafadis and Munafiqeen sided Hauaku Khan and asked him to kill Ahlus sunnah, He mentioned the difference of numbers who were killed:
وقد اختلف الناس في كمية من قتل ببغداد من المسلمين في هذه الوقعة.

فقيل ثمانمائة ألف، وقيل ألف ألف وثمانمائة ألف، وقيل بلغت القتلى ألفي ألف نفس، فإنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون ولا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله العلي العظيم.

وكان دخولهم إلى بغداد في أواخر المحرم، وما زال السيف يقتل أهلها أربعين يوما، وكان قتل الخليفة المستعصم بالله أمير المؤمنين يوم الأربعاء رابع عشر صفر وعفي قبره.

People differed over how many Muslims were killed in Baghdad.

It is said eight hundred thousand, it is also said one crore and 8 lacs and it is also said 2 crores.

They came to baghdad at the end of Muharram and killed for forty days and Caliph Mutasimbillah was also killed.

[al Bidaya wal Nihaya under the things happened in 656 h]

In short, no one knows the exact number but whole Baghdad was killed apart from very few people as per Ibn Kathir. This was also the end of Abbasi Caliphate.

The Battle of Ain Jalut.

After two years of this loss Battle of Ain Jalut Happened and Muslims won Alhumdulillah.

Ibn Kathir mentioned:

والمقصود أن المظفر قطز لما بلغه ما كان من أمر التتار بالشام المحروسة وأنهم عازمون على الدخول إلى ديار مصر بعد تمهيد ملكهم بالشام، بادرهم قبل أن يبادروه وبرز إليهم وأقدم عليهم قبل أن يقدموا عليه.
 
In short when (King) al Muzaffar Qutuz heard about what Tatar (i.e. mongol) did to al Sham and that after al Sham they are planning to capture Egypt. He started march towards them before they march at them.
 
[al Bidaya wal nihaya vol 13 under the things happened in 658 h]
 
Then he mentioned the details and said:
 
ولما كسر الملك المظفر قطز عساكر التتار بعين جالوت ساق وراءهم ودخل دمشق في أبهة عظيمة وفرح به الناس فرحا شديدا ودعوا له دعاء كثيرا، وأقر صاحب حمص الملك الأشرف عليها، وكذلك المنصور صاحب حماه، واسترد حلب من يد هولاكو، وعاد الحق إلى نصابه ومهد القواعد.
When al Muzaffar Qutuz won the battle against Tatar (Mongol) at Ain Jalut.. He entered Damascus with greatness and people became extremely happy and prayed for him… He took Halab back from Hulaku and truth came back to its place.

[al Bidaya wal nihaya vol 13 under the things happened in 658 h]

After that Hulaku sent his army to take al Sham back from the Muslims but they couldn’t do that and could’t get close to it Alhumdulillah see al Bidaya wal Nihaya vol 13 under the kingship of al-Malik al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari.

Note: Ibn Taymiyah was born after three years of this battle. He also did jihad with Mongols and asked Sultan to fight against them.

1400 Muslims VS 6000 Mongols
 
Ibn Kathir said:
وفي هذا السنة: أغارت التتار على حلب فلقيهم صاحبها حسام الدين العزيزي، والمنصور صاحب حماه، والأشرف صاحب حمص، وكانت الوقعة شمالي حمص قريبا من قبر خالد بن الوليد، والتتار في ستة آلاف، والمسلمون في ألف وأربعمائة فهزمهم الله عز وجل.
وقتل المسلمون أكثرهم فرجع التتار إلى حلب فحصروها أربعة أشهر، وضيقوا عليها الأقوات وقتلوا من الغرباء خلقا صبرا، فإنا لله وإنا إليه راجعون.

والجيوش الذين كسروهم على حمص مقيمون لم يرجعوا إلى حلب، بل ساقوا إلى مصر، فتلقاهم الملك الظاهر في أبهة السلطنة، وأحسن إليهم، وبقيت حلب محاصرة لا ناصر لها في هذه المدة ولكن سلم الله سبحانه وتعالى.

In this Year (i.e. 659 h) the Tatar (Mongols) raided Halab and Hassam ud din al Azizi the Sultan of Halab, Munsor the Sultan of Hamaah and Ashraf the Sultan of Hamas fought them. It happened North of Hamas near the grave of Khalid bin Waleed (May Allah be pleaed with him) Tatar were 6000 and Muslims were only 1400. Allah defeated them (Mongols) and Muslims killed most of them. Then Tatar came back they had a siege on Halab for four months.. and killed the travelers.. because the armies who won the battle against the tatar were living in Hamas and they didn’t came back to Halab rather went to Egypt.. (i.e. Tatar found it useful for them and came for a siege of Halab).. but Allah saved it.
 
[al Bidaya wal Nihaya vol 13 under 659 h]
When Hulaku Khan ran away with very few people and most of his army was defeated.
 
Berke Khan (Grandson of Ghengis Khan) made a treaty with Malik al Zaahir against Hulaku Khan (Also a Grandson of Ghenghis) and defeated him.
 
Ibn Kathir said:
وفيها قدمت رسل بركه خان إلى الظاهر يقول له: قد علمت محبتي للإسلام، وعلمت ما فعل هولاكو بالمسلمين، فاركب أنت من ناحية حتى آتيه أنا من ناحية حتى نصطلمه أو نخرجه من البلاد وأعطيك جميع ما كان بيده من البلاد، فاستصوب الظاهر هذا الرأي وشكره وخلع على رسله وأكرمهم.
 
In this year Berke Khan sent his messenger to al Zaahir who said:
 
You know my Love for Islam and you also know what Hulaku did to Muslims. You should come on one side and I will come on the other side so that we may strike him or sent him (Hulaku) out of the country. I will give you all the cities which are captured by him. al Zaahir agreed with him and thanked his messengers and gave them respect.
 
[al Bidaya wal Nihaya 13 under the things happened in 661 h]
 
Then Ibn Kathir said:
وفيها التقى بركه خان وهولاكو ومع كل واحد جيوش كثيرة فاقتتلوا فهزم الله هولاكو هزيمة فظيعة وقتل أكثر أصحابه وغرق أكثر من بقي وهرب هو في شرذمة يسيرة ولله الحمد.
ولما نظر بركه خان كثرة القتلى قال: يعز علي أن يقتل المغول بعضهم بعضا ولكن كيف الحيلة فيمن غير سنة جنكيز خان ثم أغار بركه خان على بلاد القسطنطينية فصانعه صاحبها وأرسل الظاهر هدايا عظيمة إلى بركه خان.
And in the (same) year Bereke Khan and Hauaku Khan fought and both had great armies and they fought. Allah punished Hulaku and his most of the companions were killed and remaining drowned. Hulaku ran away with few people Alhumdulillah.
 
When Bereke Khan saw many dead bodies he said:
 
“I don’t like it when Mongols kill each other but what is heelah for the man who change the way of Genghis Khan then Bereke Khan attacked Constantinople… and al Zaahir sent many gifts to Bereke Khan.
 
[al Bidaya wal Nihaya 13 under the things happened in 661 h]
Death of Hulaku Khan
 
Ibn Kathir said:
وفيها: جاءت الأخبار بأن سلطان التتار هولاكو هلك إلى لعنة الله وغضبه في سابع ربيع الآخر بمرض الصرع بمدينة مراغة،
In this year (i.e. 663 h) the news reached that the Sultan of Tatar Hulaku died, Allah’s curse and anger be upon him on 7th Rabi al Akhir in the disease of Epilepsy.
 
[al Bidaya wal Nihaya 13 under the things happened in 663 h]
 Ibn Kathir mentioned that he died in 664 h and also said some say he died in 663 h.
Bereke Khan who defeated his ruthless cousin Hulaku Khan was a Muslim.
 
Ibn Kathir said:
السلطان بركه خان بن تولي بن جنكيز خان
وهو ابن عم هولاكو، وقد أسلم بركه خان هذا، وكان يحب العلماء والصالحين ومن أكبر حسناته كسره لهولاكو وتفريق جنوده
Sultan Bereke Khan bin Tawalla bin Genghis Khan was cousin of Hulaku Khan, Bereke Khan accepted Islam and he loved the scholars and the righteous. The best deed he did was to defeat Hulaku and despair his soldiers.

[al Bidaya wal Nihaya vol 13 under the people who died in 665 h]

 

After 29 years most of the Tatar (Mongols) accepted Islam.
 
Ibn Kathir said:
 
وفيها: ملك التتار قازان بن أرغون بن أبغا بن تولى بن جنكيز خان فأسلم وأظهر الإسلام على يد الأمير توزون رحمه الله، ودخلت التتار أو أكثرهم في الإسلام، ونثر الذهب والفضة واللؤلؤ على رؤوس الناس يوم إسلامه، وتسمى بمحمود.
In this year (i.e. 694 h) The king of Tatar Qazaan bin Arghoon bin Abgha bin Tawalla bin Genghis Khan accepted Islam. He accepted Islam on the hands on Ameer Tozoon Rahimaullah, Tatar or most of them accepted Islam. He (Qazaan) spent Gold, Silver and pearl on people on the day of his acceptance (i.e. due to happiness) and named himself Mahmood.
 
[al Bidaya wal Nihaya vol 13 under the year 694 h]