Imam Ahmed & Hanbali Scholars on Mawlid un Nabi Celebration

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In this article we will examine the quotes of Hanbali scholars regarding Mawlid un Nabi. There is no Proof from Imam Ahmad on Celebration of Mawlid, So it is proven that at the time of Imam Ahmad celebration of mawlid was not even known.
 
 
 
Let us see what Hanbali scholars said regarding mawlid
 
a) Ibn Rajab Hanbalee:
 
Tahir ul qadri tried to prove celebrations of mawlid from Ibn Rajab rahimullah but when we see the book of Ibn Rajab rahimullah, we see that Ibn rajab hanbalee said
أنه لا يشرع أن يتخذ المسلمون عيدا إلا ما جاءت الشريعة باتخاذه عيدا وهويوم الفطر ويوم الأضحى وأيام التشريق وهي أعياد العام ويوم الجمعة وهوعيد الأسبوع وما عدا ذلك فاتخاذه عيدا وموسما بدعة لا أصل له في الشريعة
It is not legislated for muslims to make any day as eid (Celebration) except what has come in Shareeah by taking them as celebration , and they are the day of fitr, the day of alAdha, the days of at Tashreeq, and the day of friday which is weekly eid, and it is an innovation to make any day eid apart from these days there is no basis for this in shariya. [lataif al ma`arif page 228]
 
b) Ibn Muflih says:
 وعنه التوقف فيه وفي جعله على عينيه قال القاضي في الجامع الكبير إنما توقف عن ذلك وإن كان فيه رفعة وإكرام لأن ما طريقه القرب إذا لم يكن للقياس فيه مدخل لا يستحب فعله وإن كان فيه تعظيم إلا بتوقيف ألا ترى أن عمر لما رأى الحجر قال لا تضر ولا تنفع ولولا أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قبلك ما قبلتك .
“It was reported that he (Imaam Ahmad) did not give an opinion [??] on this matter (kissing the Qur’aan) and touching it to one's forehead and eyes.”

Al-Qaadi said in al-Jaami’ al-Kabeer: “He did not give an opinion on that, although it contains an element of respect and honour, because in the case of deeds intended to draw closer to Allaah, if there is no comparable precedent in the Sunnah, then it is better not to do it. Do you not remember when ‘Umar saw the Black Stone, he said: ‘You cannot do any harm or any good. If it were not for the fact that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kissed you, I would not kiss you.’”[Al-Aadaab al-Shar’iyyah (2/273, Al-Risaalah edition)]

This can also be a response to those who celebrate Mawlid and say " it contains an element of respect and honor"
 
c) Ibn Tamiyah said said:
و كذلك ما يحدثه بعض الناس إما مضاهاة لنصارى في ميلاد عيسى عليه السلام و إما محبة للنبي صلى الله عليه و سلم و تعظيما له و الله قد يشيبهم على هذه المحبة و الاجتهاد لا على البدع
"And like that, what some people have innovated, be it out of analogy to the Christians in the birth of 'Eesa or be it out of love for the Prophet (saw) and honor for him and Allaah, they may be rewarded for this love and ijtihaad, not for the innovation." ["Majmoo' Al-Fataawa", Vol.23 p.163, and "Iqtidaa' As-Siraat Al-Mustaqeem", p.294-295, Section entitled, "The innovated festivals of time and place."]
 
So it is clear that Ibn Taymiyyah callaed it an innovation, and saw no reward for the deed.
 
He was asked
فِيمَنْ يَعْمَلُ كُلَّ سَنَةٍ خِتْمَةً فِي لَيْلَةِ مَوْلِدِ النَّبِيِّ - صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ - هَلْ ذَلِكَ مُسْتَحَبٌّ أَمْ لَا؟
 
وَأَمَّا اتِّخَاذُ مَوْسِمٍ غَيْرِ الْمَوَاسِمِ الشَّرْعِيَّةِ كَبَعْضِ لَيَالِي شَهْرِ رَبِيعٍ الْأَوَّلِ الَّتِي يُقَالُ إنَّهَا لَيْلَةُ الْمَوْلِدِ، أَوْ بَعْضُ لَيَالِي رَجَبٍ، أَوْ ثَامِنَ عَشْرَ ذِي الْحِجَّةِ، أَوْ أَوَّلُ جُمُعَةٍ مِنْ رَجَبٍ، أَوْ ثَامِنُ شَوَّالٍ الَّذِي يُسَمِّيه الْجُهَّالُ " عِيدُ الْأَبْرَارِ "، فَإِنَّهَا مِنْ الْبِدَعِ الَّتِي لَمْ يَسْتَحِبَّهَا السَّلَفُ وَلَمْ يَفْعَلُوهَا وَاَللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ، وَتَعَالَى أَعْلَمُ
 
"Regarding the one who performs a completion of the Quran every year on the night of the birth of the Prophet SAWS- is that recommended or not?
 
As for taking as a holiday something other than the legislated holidays like some of the nights of Rabi' al-Awwal which is said to be the night of the birth [of the Prophet SAWS], or some of the nights of Rajab, or the eighteenth of Dhul-Hijjah, or the first Jumu'ah of Rajab, or the eighth of Shawwal which is called by the ignoramuses 'Eid al-Abrar', then indeed it is a type of Bid'ah which the Salaf did not recommend nor did they perform it, and Allah, glorified and exalted is He, knows best." [Majmu fatawa  page 298 الجزء الخامس والعشرون]
 
d) Ibn al Qayyim said (probably quoting Shaykh Ibn Taymiyyah):
ولا خص المكان الذي ابتدئ فيه بالوحي ولا الزمان بشيء ، ومن خص الأمكنة والأزمنة من عنده بعبادات لأجل هذا وأمثاله كان من جنس أهل الكتاب الذين جعلوا زمان أحوال المسيح مواسم وعبادات ، كيوم الميلاد ، ويوم التعميد ، وغير ذلك من أحواله 
It is not prescribed to single out that time or that place for any prescribed act of worship, or to single out the day on which the Revelation came down for any act of worship or anything else, or to single out the place and time in which the Revelation began for anything. The one who singles out places or times on the basis of his own ideas for acts of worship for this and similar reasons is like the People of the Book who make the times of the life of the Messiah into special occasions for worship, such as the day of his birth, the day of his baptism and so on. [Zaad al-Ma‘aad fi Hadiy Khayr al-‘Ibaad, 1/56-58.]
 
e) Ibn Jawzi on Mawlid
 
Those in support of Milad un Nabi brings quotations of Ibn Jawzi from (Mawlid al-Aroos) مولد العروس and بیان المیلاد النبوي (Byan Meelad al-Nabivi) books.
 
Tahir ul Qadri has quoted these quotes from these books
a)لا زال أهل الحرمين الشريفين والمصر واليمن والشام وسائر بلاد العرب من المشرق والمغرب يحتفلون بمجلس مولد النبي صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم ، ويفرحون بقدوم هلال شهر ربيع الأول ويهتمون اهتمامًا بليغًا علي السماع والقراة لمولد النبي صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم ، وينالون بذالک أجرًا جزيلاً وفوزًا عظيمًا.
ابن جوزي، بيان الميلاد النبوي صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم : 58
b) وجعل لمن فرح بمولده حجابًا من النار وسترًا، ومن أنفق في مولده درهمًا کان المصطفيٰ صلي الله عليه وآله وسلم له شافعًا ومشفعًا، وأخلف اﷲ عليه بکل درهم عشرًا.
فيا بشري لکم أمة محمد لقد نلتم خيرًا کثيرًا في الدنيا وفي الأخري. فيا سعد من يعمل لأحمد مولدًا فيلقي الهناء والعز والخير والفخر، ويدخل جنات عدن بتيجان درّ تحتها خلع خضرًا.
ابن جوزي، مولد العروس : 11
 
Response:
 
✦ As for the first titled: (بیان المیلاد النبوي ), I have not seen anyone from those who compiled the books of Ibn al-Jawzi -Rahimahu Allah- attributing such a book to him. Even the books that make reference to the manuscripts of Ibn al-Jawzi's work make no mention of this book.
 
✦ Rather I could not even find any reference online to it or mention of the book, except from those who brought forth that exact same quote you brought here ... which is quite laughable
 
✦ Had such book been a proven book, I would think the advocators of the Mawlid from among the Arabic speakers would have brought forth this book, quoted from it, or at least made reference to it, but I did not see this done.
 
✦ The reference to the Mawlid of the Prophet as "Meelaad" as is in the title is very uncommon among Arabs. Add to this the very poor Arabic in that short quote brought, makes one really doubt that this quote was written by someone with Arabic as his first language.
 
✦ Refering to Egypt as al-Misr with the 'al al-ta3reef' is also strange
 
✦ Thus such claimed book seems to be unproven, and whoever wishes to claim it is the work of Ibn al-Jawzi -Rahimahu Allah- has to provide evidence for such an attribution, and use a more scholarly methodology and approach in establishing such a claim.
 
✦ As for the second titled (Mawlid al-Aroos) مولد العروس This book is a fabricated lie upon Ibn al-Jawzi -Rahimahu Allah-.
 
✦ Shaykh Mashhour's work "Kutub Hazar Minha al-'Ulama" volume 2/303-304 points out several matters that show that this book is a lie upon Ibn al-Jawzi.
 
✦ Shaykh Mahmoud Mahdi al-Istanbuli "Kutub Laysat min al-Islam" p.47, discusses some of the great misguidances and fabrications in this book and shows that this is a fabricated work that cannot in anyway be proven as the work of Ibn al-Jawzi -Rahimahu Allah-
 
Below is fatwa too:.
كتاب ( مولد العروس ) مكذوب على الإمام ابن الجوزي
أحضر لي أحد طلابي كتاباً صغير الحجم ، بعنوان (مولد العروس) للعلاّمة والحبر الفهامة ، الإمام ابن الجوزي ، هكذا جاء في على غلافه ، ويحتوي على نثر وشعر يتعلق بالمولد النبوي ، وسألني عن هذا الكتاب ؟
الجواب: إن هذا الكتاب المسمى (مولد العروس) والمنسوب لابن الجوزي مكذوب عليه وفيه كثير من المخالفات الشرعية ، ولم تثبت نسبته بطريق صحيح إلى الإمام ابن الجوزي ولم ينسبه أحد إليه إلا كارل بروكلمان ، وفي نسبة هذه المخطوطة لإبن الجوزي - أي مخطوط مولد العروس - نظر ، فهو يخلو من الإسناد الذي اعتاد عليه ابن الجوزي في كتبه ، كما يخلو من تعليق أو نقد ابن الجوزي لما يرد فيه من أخبار ، وكل ما ورد فيه يتعلق بولادة الرسول- صلى الله عليه وسلم - ، وأشعار مدحه ، مما يدل على أن أحد العوام قد وضعه ثم إن الذين ترجموا لابن الجوزي ، لم يذكروه ضمن كتبه .
وورد فيه أيضاً أمور كثيرة مخالفة للعقيدة الإسلامية وللنصوص الشرعية من كتاب الله وسنة رسوله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - كما ورد في ص15 منه( وفي الحديث الصحيح أن البيت الذي فيه اسم محمد وأحمد فإن الملائكة تزوره في كل يوم وليلة سبعين مرة) ، ومن المعلوم أن هذا الحديث مكذوب على رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - ، بل إن ابن الجوزي نفسه ذكره في كتابه الموضوعات وحكم عليه بالوضع والكذب ، انظر كتب حذر منها العلماء 2/303 - 304 وانظر أيضاً نفس المصدر 2/388 - 389 . Source: http://islamport.com/w/ftw/Web/942/642.htm
 
The above fatwa says that the book Mawlid al aroos is fabrication and not the book of Ibn jawzi, and he mentioned the evidence that on page 15 of the book Ibn Jawzi said
وفي الحديث الصحيح أن البيت الذي فيه اسم محمد وأحمد فإن الملائكة تزوره في كل يوم وليلة سبعين مرة
And it is in Authentic hadith that the house in which the name of Muhammad and Ahmad is written the Angels visits the house 70 times in the day and night.
 
then the fatwa says that
ومن المعلوم أن هذا الحديث مكذوب على رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - ، بل إن ابن الجوزي نفسه ذكره في كتابه الموضوعات وحكم عليه بالوضع والكذب ، انظر كتب حذر منها العلماء 2/303 - 304 وانظر أيضاً نفس المصدر 2/388
and it is well know that this hadith is a lie on Prophet peace be upon him in fact Ibn Jawzi himself mentioned it in his Kitab al-Modhuaat (Book of fabrications) and said this is fabrication and lie...
 
Answered by Mahmoud Al-Misri on http://www.ahlalhdeeth.com/vbe/showthread.php?t=14680
 
Second thing to note is being happy and celebrating like these people do are two different things. According to Ibn al Jawzi those who say we saw Prophet peace be upon him while awake and asked his help are gumrah.
 
He said regarding a person who claimed to see Prophet peace be upon him and asked his help.
وَكَانَ يزْعم أَنه يرى رَسُول الله فِي يَقَظَتِهِ لَا فِي نَوْمِهِ. وَكَانَ يَذْكُرُ فِي وَعْظِهِ أَنَّهُ كُلَّمَا أَشْكَلَ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرٌ رَأَى رَسُولَ اللَّهِ فَسَأَلَهُ عَنْ ذَلِكَ الْمُشْكِلِ. قَالَ: وَسَمِعْتُهُ يَوْمًا يَحْكِي حِكَايَةً عَنْ بَعْضِ الْمَشَايِخِ. فَلَمَّا نَزَلَ سَأَلْتُهُ عَنْهَا، فَقَالَ: أَنَا وَضَعتهَا فِي الْوَقْت.
وَله من هَذِه الْجَهَالَاتِ وَالْحَمَاقَاتِ مَا لَا يُحْصَى.
He alleged that he saw Messenger of Allah while awake, not in the dream ,which he used to mention in his lecture that whenever he had a difficulty on any issue he would see Messenger of Allah peace be upon him and asked him regarding that problem... These are his some of the ignorance and foolish statements among the many.  [al Qassaas wal Muzkareen page 316]
 
Ibn al Jawzi also spoke strong words against sufis who dance in love of Allah in Mawlid gatherings, He said
 
و قد إنعقد إجتماع العلماء أن من إدعى الرقص قربه إلى الله تعالى كفر.
The scholars has led them to a Ijma that whosoever claims that “Dance” is a source and means of developing spiritual relations with Allah he is doing Kufar. [ صيد الخاطر page 154]
 
So, this clearly proves Mawlid celebrations of today are filled with false things and beliefs according to him.
 
 
 

 

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