In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most MercifulArticle Contents 1. The Criteria of Divorce in Qur& [ ... ]
Praise to be Allah, This article will be the most comprehensive article on the issue of Raising hands in Prayer Insha`Allah, I [ ... ]
Islam is the religion of mercy and kindness, the religion of tolerance and ease. Eemaan (faith/Belief), the first of the 5 pill [ ... ]
This article is in refutation of extreme Sufis who are against Shaykh Ul Islam Ibn e Tamiyah RA and they say that May Allah For [ ... ]
It is not permissible to celebrate Milaadun-Nabee (the birthday of the Prophet (pbuh), nor the birthday of anyone else, since this is from the acts of bid'ah (innovations) that have been newly-invented into the religion. Neither did Allaah's Messenger (Prescribed Laws) [pbuh], nor the Rightly-Guided Khaleefahs (Successors), nor the Companions, may Allaah be please with them all, nor any of their followers from the first three excellent generations, celebrate this day - and they were the most knowledgeable of people concerning the Sunnah (the Prophetic guidance), and had the greatest love for Allaah's Messenger(pbuh) and were the foremost in following his Sharee'ah
It is known that our Prophet(pbuh) is the best of all the Prophets and the last of them and the most perfect of them with regards to conveying the Message and advising the people. So if celebrating his milaad (birthday) was a part of the religion that Allaah - the Most Perfect chose, then the Messenger(pbuh) would have most certainly explained it to his Ummah, or he would have celebrated it himself, or his noble Companions radiallaahu 'anhum would have celebrated it. However, since nothing like this happened, then we know that the celebration of milaad has nothing to do with Islaam whatsoever. Rather, it is from those innovations which the Messenger (pbuh)warned his Ummah from.
Assalaamualaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu (May peace mercy and blessings of Allah be on all of you). The article is divided into the following headings:
I) The YEAR of HIS Noble birth
II) The DAY of HIS BIRTH & DEATH
III) Events at the time of HIS birth
IV) Definition of a festival in Islam or when should we celebrate?
V) Allah says follow Quran & Messenger Teachings, prohibits innovations into religion
VI) Ways in which innovated birthday of prophet(pbuh) is celebrated
VII) Origin of Celebrating birthday of Prophet (pbuh)
VIII) Ruling on Celebrating the Prophet's Birthday
1 – Celebration not part of Sunnah
2 – Celebrating the birthday an imitation of the Christians:
3 – Celebration means to exaggeration & excess veneration:
4 – Distraction from Sunnah & opening doors to new bidah
5- False belief of prophet(pbuh) present in milad celebrations
6- It causes hypocrisy and not love to grow in the heart
7- It brings death to the Sunnah
8- It causes chaos and divisions within the Ummah
9- Reward for abstaining from Bidah(Innovation) in Islam is Jannah
IX) Discussing arguments of those who celebrate Mawlid
1 – Their claim that this is veneration of the Prophet (pbuh)
2 – Keeping the memory of the Prophet (pbuh) alive by celebrating the Mawlid
3 – Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (pbuh) is indicative of their love for him
4 – Reading the biography of the Prophet (pbuh) on this occasion, they are encouraging people to follow his example
5 – Hadith ' merits of rememberence of Allah in an assembly '
6 – Using as evidence the fact that many people in many countries do this & may quote Ibn Masood to justify their claim
7 – Celebration of the Prophet's birthday was introduced by a knowledgeable and just king who intended thereby to draw closer to Allah.
8 – Celebrating the mawlid comes under the heading of bid'ah hasanah ("good innovation") by using examples of rightly guided khalifas
9 – Comparision of 'Compilation of Quran' to 'Bidah of Mawlid un Nabi'
10) Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم used to fast on Mondays and Thursdays citing the reason "as for Monday, it was the day I was born?
11) Prophet's used to celebrate their own birthdays. Allah quotes 'Isa السلام عليه as saying: "And the peace on me the day I was born and the day I die and the day I am raised alive". (Holy Qur'an: 19:33)
12) Did not the Prophet (pbuh) celebrate the birthday of his son Ibrahim by freeing a slave?
13) Abu Lahab punishment in hell is reduced every Monday because he rejoiced at the birth of Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم and freed a slave girl?
14) Did not Allah command us to rejoice in His mercy: "Say: In the bounty of Allah and in His mercy let them rejoice, that is better than what they accumulate"(Holy Qur'an: 10:58) and was not Muhammadصلى الله عليه و سلم the greatest of his mercies?
15) If Jumuah is special because Adam (pbuh) was created on it then is not the birthday of Muhammadصلى الله عليه و سلم worthier?
16) What about the numerous scholars who have written in support of the Mawlid
17) Narration of As-Suyutee (d.911 AH) wherein which he said: "Another primary text has occurred to me by which the legitimacy of the Mawlid can be derived
18) Did not Ibn taymiyyah (d.728 AH) say: "So honouring the Mawlid, and taking it as a festive season (mawsam) which some of the people have done, there is a great reward in it due to the good intention and the honouring of the Messenger"?
19) If Iblis cried on this day should we not celebrate it?
20) Allah never told us to do many things - Allah never told us to drive cars, to listen to the radio or to go to the gym.
21) They may quote hadith of: Jareer ibn 'Abdullaah about starting a good thing
22) They may say: Why to create rift between Muslims by speaking against Milad, let those who want to celebrate milad let them celebrate
23) Quotations from Nemat ul Kubra book by Ibn Hajar Haytami to justify Celebrartion of Mawlid un nabi
24) Did Ibn Jawzi speak in support of Milad un Nabi celebration?
X) Scholars who spoke against celebration of Milad
1) Imaam al-Faakihaanee
2) Shaikh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah
3) Ibn Al-Haaj Al-Maaliki
4) Naseer Ad-Deen Al-Mubarak
5) Dhaheer Ad-Deen Ja'far At-Tizmanti
6) Imam Maalik ibn Anas
7) Qazi Shihab ud din Dolat Abadi
8) Abu Ishaq Shatibi
9) Shaykh 'Abd al-'Azeez ibn Baaz
10) Shaykh Assim Al Hakeem
11) Abu Abdullah al-Haffaar Gharnati (811H)
12) Shaykh Muhammad Bin Bakheet al-Muteeee
XII) Related articles
According to the most correct opinion of the Scholars, the Prophet (pbuh) was born in the city of Makkah in the year of the Elephant (in the year 570 or 571CE), in the month of Rabee'ul-Awwal.Taareekh (p.53) of Khaleefah ibn Khayaat, as-Seerah (1/167) of Ibn Hishaam and also Tabaqaatul-Kubraa (1/62) of Ibn Sa'd.
The scholars of Seerah have postulated a number of opinions in regards to when exactly his birth occurred in relation to this event, such as the following:·
Fifty days after the destruction of Abraha and his army, this being the position of As-Suhayli Al-Maaliki.
· Fifty five days after as narrated by Al-Haafidh Ad-Dimyaati Al-Shaafi'i
· A month (thirty days) after as narrated by Mughlatay Al-Hanafi
· Forty days after as narrated by Ibn Sayyid An-Naas Ash-Shaafi'i
· Ten years before as narrated by Imam Az-Zuhri
· A few other lesser known opinions ranging from fifty years before and other than this.
There is an agreement amongst the Scholars that the Prophet (pbuh)was born on a Monday, since he (pbuh) was asked about fasting on a Monday, and he said: "On that day I was born and on that day Revelation descended upon me."(Muslim (2/820) and Ahmad (5/297). However, as regards the exact date of his birth, then the Scholars have differed about this, although the majority of Scholars say that he (pbuh) was born on the 12th of Rabee'ul-Awwal.
Imaam an-Nawawee (d.676H) - rahimahullaah- said: "There is on agreement that he was born on Monday in the month of Rabee'ul-Awwal. There is a difference of opinion whether this day was the 2nd, 8th, 10th or 12th day of the month - and these ore the four most well-known opinions concerning this."Tahdheeb Seeratun-Nabawiyyah (p.20) of Imaam an-Nawawee.
Prophet(pbuh) left this world on Monday morning, the twelfth of Rabi‘ Al-Awwal, in the eleventh year of Al-Hijrah. He was sixty-three years and four days old when he died. (Sealed Nectar)
Ironically until few years ago people used to observe 12th Rabbi ul Awwal as 'Bara wafat' (death day) of Prophet(pbuh). But recently they have changed this and re-named it as a festival 'Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi'
Certain miraculous events are reported to have occurred at the time that the Prophet (pbuh) was born. However, most of them are not authentically related, rather they are da'eef (week) or mawdoo' (fabricated) and therefore cannot be relied upon as decisive proof; such as the narration which relates that some of the galleries of Kisraa's palace broke-up and collapsed, that the sacred-fire of the Magians died-out and that some of the churches on Lake Saawah collapsed and sank down. Related by Imaam adh-Dhahabee in as-Seeratun-Nabawiyyah (pp. 11-14), who said: "This narration is munkar ghareeb (rejected) However, it is authentically related that the Prophet (pbuh) said. "I am a result of the supplication of my father Ibraaheem and the glad-tidings brought by 'Eesaa '(pbuh). And my mother - when she bore me - saw that a light shone out from her, which lit up the palaces in Syria ... " al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (2/600) and Ibn Katheer in al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah (1/229) who said: "Its isnaad is good and strong." Refer to as-Saheehah (no.1545) of Shaykh al-Albaanee for a detailed discussion concerning its authenticity.http://www.sunnahonline.com/ilm/istiqaamah/aug1996c.htm
Anas (radhi allahu anhu) said: “The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) came to Madeenah and the people of Madeenah had in Jahiliyah two days of play and amusement (they are the day of Niarooz (New Years Day) and the day of Maharajaan (Final Day of the Year). So, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: "I came to you and you had in Jahiliyah two days of play and amusement. Indeed, Allah has replaced them for you by that which is better than them: The day of Nahr (slaughtering) and the day of Fitr (breaking fast)." [(saheeh) Musnad Ahmad (3/103, 178, 235 and others)]
The verdict of Islam is thus very clear. There are only two festivals in Islam, Eid al-Adha and Eid al-Fitr, there is no other festival in Islam, and as a result there is no other occasion to celebrate in Islam. Read: Is there any third Eid in Islam called Milad un Nabi?
The commands mentioned in the Qur'an and Sunnah to follow the laws of Allah and His Messenger, and the prohibitions on introducing innovations (bidah) into the religion are quite clear.
Definition of Bidah: ((Linguistically bid'ah (innovation) means 'a newly invented matter'. The Sharee'ah definition of bid'ah is: "A newly invented way [beliefs or action] in the religion, in imitation of the Sharee'ah (prescribed Law), by which nearness to Allaah is sought, [but] not being supported by any authentic proof - neither in its foundations, nor in the manner in which it is performed)). Imaam ash-Shaatibee (rahima-hullaah) in al-I'tisaam of ash-Shaatibee (1/37)
Allah says in Quran:
1) "Say (O Muhammad to mankind): 'If you (really) love Allah, then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur'an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you your sins'." [al 'Imran 3:31]
2) "Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord (the Qur'an and Prophet Muhammad's Sunnah), and follow not any Awliya' (protectors and helpers who order you to associate partners in worship with Allah), besides Him (Allah). Little do you remember!" [Quran al-A'raf 7:3]
3) One day as The Prophet (s) sat with his companions, he drew a straight line in the dirt, he then drew a series of line branching off from either side of it. When the companions aasked him what it meant, ... he recited the following verse: "And verily, this is my straight path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His (Allah's) path." [al-A'nam 6:153] (Reported by Ibn Masood and collected by Nasai, Ahmad, and Darimi)
4) And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "The most truthful of speech is the Book of Allah and the best of guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the most evil of things are those which are newly-invented." And he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), that is not part of it will have it rejected." (Narrated by al-Bukhari, no. 2697; Muslim).
5) According to a version narrated by Muslim, "Whoever doe anything that is not in accordance with this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), will have it rejected."
6) Ibn e umar r.a said: Every innovation is an astray even if people understands it good.
ابن عمر- رضي الله عنه - : " كل بدعة ضلالة وإن رآها الناس حسنة " وسنده صحيح كما قال الألباني في تخريج اصلاح المساجد ص.
( Related by Ad-Darimee, Abu Shamaah (no. 39), Ibn Nasr in as-Sunnah (no. 82), al-Laalikaa’ee in Sharh Usoolul-Ftiqaad (no. 126) & Sharh I’tiqad Ahl as-Sunnah (1/92), and by al-Bayhaqee in al-Madkhal (no. 191). Its authentic; Ahkaam al-Janaa’iz (258) and Islah al-Masajid (13). Salim Al-Hilaali said: “Its isnaad (chain of narration) is as authentic as the sun!")
7) Prophet (saw) said: "...Beware of newly invented matters, for every invented matter is an innovation and every innovation is a going astray, and every going astray is in Hell-fire." [Wa sharrul Umoori Muhdathaatuhaa, Wa kulla Bid'atin dhaialah, wa kulla dhalatin fin-naar"] (Sunan An Nisai, Vol 2, Book 19, Hadith 1579, Sahih. Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi)
8) Abdullaah Ibn Masood (ra) - said: "Follow and do not innovate, for indeed you have been sufficed, and every innovation is misguidance." (Saheeh. Reported in Az-Zuhd of Imam Ahmed p. 162, Ad-Daarimee (no. 211), Al-Bayhaqee in Madkhal (no. 204), Wakee' in Az-Zuhd (no. 315), Ibnut-Tararaanee in As-Sunnah (no. 104), Ibn Nasr in As-Sunnah (p. 23) and by Mujaahid in As-Sab'ah (p. 46))
9) Ibn 'Abbaas(radhi-yallaahu 'anhumaa) said:((Indeed the most detestable of things to Allaah are the innovations)).al-Bayhaqee in as-Sunan al-Kubraa (4/316)
10) Sufyaan ath-Thowree (rahima-hullaah) mentions:((Innovation is more beloved to Iblees than sin, since a sin may be repented from but innovation is not repented from)). al-Laalikaa'ee – Sharh Usool I'tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah (no. 238)
11) al-Fudayl bin 'Iyaad (rahima-hullaah) mentions:((I met the best of people, all of them people of the Sunnah and they used to forbid from accompanying the people of innovation)).al-Laalikaa'ee – Sharh Usool I'tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah (no.267)
12) al-Hasan al-Basree (rahima-hullaah) mentions:((Do not sit with the people of innovation and desires, nor argue with them, nor listen to them)).Sunan ad-Daarimee (1/121)
13) Ibraaheem ibn Maysarah (rahima-hullaah) mentions: ((Whoever honours an innovator has aided in the destruction of Islaam)).al-Laalikaa'ee – Sharh Usool I'tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah (1/139)
14) Sufyaan ath-Thowree (rahima-hullaah) mentions: ((Whoever listens to an innovator has left the protection of Allaah and is entrusted with the innovation)). Abu Nu'aym in al-Hilyah (7/26) and Ibn Battah (no.444)
15) Imaam al-Barbahaaree (rahima-hullaah) mentions: ((The innovators are like scorpions. They bury their heads and bodies in the sand and leave their tails out. When they get the chance they sting; the same with the innovators who conceal themselves amongst the people, when they are able, they do what they desire)). Reported in ((Tabaqaatul-Hanaabilah)) – Volume 2, Page 44 and ((Manhajul-Ahmad)) Sharhus-Sunnah – Imaam al-Barbahaaree
16) Abu Haatim (rahima-hullaah) said: ((A sign of the people of innovation is their battling against the people of Narrations)). Sharh Usool I'tiqaad Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah – al-Laalikaa'ee – Volume 1, Page 179
17) as-Saffaareenee (rahima-hullaah) said: ((And we are not focusing on mentioning the virtues of the people of Hadeeth, for indeed their virtues are well known and their merits are many. So whoever belittles them, then he is despicable and lowly. And whoever hates them, then he is from the backward party of the Devil)). Lawaa.ihul-Anwaar – Volume 2, Page 355
18) Imaam Abu 'Uthmaan as-Saaboonee (rahima-hullaah) said: ((The signs of the people of innovation are clear and obvious. The most apparent of their signs is their severe enmity for those who carry the reports of the Prophet)). The 'Aqeedah of the (Pious) Predecessors – Page 101
19) Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn al-Qaasim related to us, saying: Ahmad ibn al-Hasan narrated to us saying: Sulaymaan ibn al-Ash'ath narrated to us, saying: 'Abdullaah ibn Chubbi al-Anteeq narrated to us, saying: Yaws ibn Asbaat narrated to us, saying: I heard Muhammad ibn an-Nadr al-Haarithee say: ((Whoever listens to a person of innovation – and knows that he is a person of innovation – then protection is taken away from him, and he is left to himself)). al-Imaam al-Haafiz Abul-Qaasim Habatullaah ibn al-Hasan ibn Mansoor at-Tabaree al-Laalikaa'ee (d.418 A.H.) reports in his "Sharh Usool I'tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah" – Volume 1 Pages 135-136 No. 252 Source . Also read detailed 'commandments of Imams of Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jamah on Bidah:http://www.islamicboard.com/methodology/5074-general-article-commandments-imams-ahl-sunnah.html
20) Imaam ash-Shaafi'ee (rahima-hullaah) said: The Sunnahs of the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) reach, as well as escape from every one of us. So whenever I voice my opinion, or formulate a principle, where something contrary to my view exists on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam), then the correct view is what the Messenger of Allaah (sal-Allaahu 'alayhe wa sallam) has said, and it (that) is my view. Related by Haakim with a continuous sanad up to Shaafi'i, as in Taareekh Damishq of Ibn 'Asaakir (15/1/3), I'laam al-Muwaqqi'een (2/363, 364) & Eeqaaz (p. 100)
Imam ash-Shafi'i (rahimahullaah)said, "Whosoever considers an innovation to be good has corrected the Prophet." [Bulugh al-Maram of Ibn Hajar (available in English), p190 footnote 2] And all that has been related from him that contradicts this statement, regarding innovation as being of two types is either weak or baseless as al-Hafidh adh-Dhahabi and others from the scholars of hadith state.
21) Imaam Maalik (d.179 AH) said about bidah: "Whoever thinks that there is such thing as a good innovation in Islam, has accused the Prophetصلى الله عليه و سلم of treachery because Allah said "This day I have perfected your religion...". So what was not religion then, is not religion today" (Al-'Itisaam as-Shaatibi 1/38) He also said, "How evil are the people of innovation, we do not give them salam." [Al-Ibanah of Ibn Battah (d. 387H), no. 441]
22) Imam Abu Haneefah said: You should adhere to the way of the Salaf, and beware of EVERY newly invented thing, for it is an innovation (bid’ah) [Al-Khateeb in Al-Faqeeh wal-Mutafaqqih and Sawn ul-Mantaq of as-Suyuti, p32]
23) Imam al-Bukhari said, "I have met more than a thousand scholars ... (then he named the more prominent in each of the lands he visited) and I found that they all agreed on the following points: ... they all used to prohibit bid'ah - that which the Prophet and his Companions were not upon, because of the saying of Allah, '...and hold fast to the rope of Allah and do not separate.' " [From his article on belief, quoted in Sharh Usul I'tiqad, 1/170].
A Dialogue between Shaikh al-Albanee and a proponent of Mawlid on the subject, Is the celebration of Mawlid a good deed (Khayr)?
Shaikh al-Albanee: Is the celebration of Mawlid an-Nabawi Khayr (good) or evil?
The opponent: Khayr.
Shaikh al-Albanee: So, were the Messenger of Allah r and his Sahabah unaware of this Khayr (good)?
The opponent: No.
Shaikh al-Albanee: I am not convinced with your saying, 'No' because it is impossible that this Khayr (i.e. the celebration Mawlid) if it is Khayr
- be concealed from the Prophet r and his Sahabah since we do not know Islam and Eeman except through Prophet Muhammad r. So, how do we know a Khayr (good deed) that he did not know of? This is impossible.
The opponent: Establishing Mawlid an-Nabawi is reviving his r memories and is a tribute to him r.
Shaikh al-Albanee:This is a philosophy that we know of, and have heard from many and read in their books, but when Allah's Messenger r invited the people (to the Deen of Allah), did he call them to Islam as a whole or he invited them to Tawheed?
Shaikh al-Albanee:First, he invited them to Tawheed, next prayer was made obligatory, then fasting, later the obligation of Hajj, and so on. So, you follow this Sunnah of the Sharee'ah, (and talk about the issue under discussion) step-by-step.
We have now agreed that it is impossible that there could be a Khayr with us which the Prophet r did not know of. (Because) we know all the Khayr through the Messenger r... and I believe that anyone, who doubts in this matter, is not a Muslim.
In this short article we will examine the quotes of scholars (who were on the view of Bidah Hasanah) wrongly used by the Brailwis to prove their innovations and shirk.
al-Muzaffar Abu Sa’eed Kawkaboori was the Sultan of Irbl, He was the first one in Sunnis who celebrated the mawlid OPENLY and he followed Umar ibn Muhammad al-Malaa who used to say good things about Mawlid, and he was assisted by Ibn Dhaiya who wrote a first book ever on mawlid. Umar Ibn Muhammad al-Malaa followed Shias in celebrating the Mawlid of Prophet peace be upon him, And Shias followed Christians.